2021 Top Ten Endangered Buildings

The Victorian Society's 2021 Top 10 Endangered Buildings

Neglected, At Risk, In Danger of Demolition. We reveal 2021’s Top 10 Most Endangered Buildings.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Whitchurch Hospital, Cardiff, Grade 2 Listed, Oatley and Skinner, 1902-1908

The hospital first opened in 1908 as ‘Cardiff Lunatic Asylum', in the typical style for medical facilities – with a spine of central administrative blocks, and to each side, five-storey ward blocks.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Church of St Helen, Biscathorpe, Lincolnshire, Grade II* Listed, W. A. Nicholson, 1847

The Church of St Helen, Biscathorpe stands nearly alone, its former village having long since disappeared. Rebuilt on the site of the old church in 1847 by W. A. Nicholson in a fanciful Gothic style - more than fifty grotesque faces perched high on the steeple peer down onto visitors.


Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Oldham Equitable Cooperative Society (Hill Stores), Oldham, Grade 2 listed, Thomas Taylor, 1900

Oldham Equitable Cooperative Society (Hill Stores) commissioned Thomas Taylor to build what would be one of the largest buildings in the area, and it was completed in 1900.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Minley Home Farm, Hampshire, Unlisted, Arthur Castings, 1896

Minley Home Farm was once part of the sprawling Minley Manor Estate. It was completed circa 1896 to the designs of Arthur Castings, associate to the renowned George Devey, who worked on other buildings in the estate. The model farmstead was designed to reflect farming changes during the agricultural depression when arable land was converted to livestock use after cheap imports from America caused wheat prices to plummet.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Jones & Higgins Department Store, London, Unlisted, Henry Jarvis & Sons, 1894

The Jones and Higgins Department store opened on the corner of Rye Lane and Peckham High Street in 1867 and formed a key part of a ‘Golden Mile’ of shops that rivalled Oxford Street. The clock tower was designed by Southwark architects Henry Jarvis & Sons, who also built Dulwich Hospital and the Walworth Town Hall. They took their inspiration for the building’s façade from the Clock Tower in St. Mark’s Square, Venice.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Indoor Market, Burslem, Stoke on Trent, Unlisted, Architect Unknown, (1897)

The market tells the story of Burslem’s rise and subsequent decline, with its ghost signs and fading advertisements from the Victorian era that still adorn several closed shops attached to the market hall. Burslem indoor market’s gothic design and ironwork is reminiscent of King’s Cross station in London.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Icknield Street School, Birmingham, Grade II* Listed, by J.H. Chamberlain of Martin and Chamberlain, 1883

Icknield Street School is in urgent need of repairs. Despite being partly in use on the ground floor as a Hindu temple, its upper storeys are vacant. Water leaks from the slate roofs and gutters are now causing damage to both roof and walls

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Healings Flour Mill and Warehouses, Tewkesbury, Grade II, by W H James of Tewkesbury for Samuel Healing and Son, 1865-6

At its peak in 1892, Healings Flour Mill was considered to be the largest and most advanced flour mill in the country, capable of producing 25 sacks of flour an hour. Operations ceased in 2006, and the complex of buildings is now derelict.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Horncliffe House, Lancashire, Grade-II listed, Architect Unknown, 1869

Horncliffe House’s ornate exterior is almost all that remains of this once grand residence. Originally built as a private dwelling for Henry Hoyle Hardman, a local mill owner and businessman, the building went through several uses, including an old people’s home and hotel, before closing in 2007. In 2008, an application to convert it back to a single dwelling was rejected, and the house was subsequently abandoned. A fire in 2019 devasted the interior, which by then was already seriously dilapidated.

Top Ten Endangered Buildings 2021: Coal Drops, Halifax, Grade II, Architect unknown, 1874

Halifax Coal Drops were built for the Ovenden and Halifax Junction Railway Co. and are an important part of the town’s industrial history. They comprise 15 wooden bunkers built into the hillside supported between stone piers. Trains would stop over the top and unload coal into the bunkers, and local traders would back their horse-drawn carts into the spaces beneath to load their coal for distribution.


© 2017 The Victorian Society

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